Schematics and PCB circuits of TMS320F28335 TI DSP board and IGBT driver Semikron SKHI-22B

I would like to say thank you to those, my friends, who have purchased the package including schematics of DSP circuit and IGBT driver for their study over the past few years. They come from different countries such as Korea, India, USA, Australia, England, Neitherland, Vietnam, etc. I hope it will be helpful for you. I also have received their positive comments and feedback. I try to give you as much as I can. Good luck!

– Are you concerned about DSP TMS320F28335 of Texas Instruments, which has been widely used in power electronics and electric machine drives?

– Are you looking for a good IGBT driver in your control schemes? I recommend you to use the Semikron SKHI-22B.

However, you don’t know what to do and where to begin in the first step. Dont’t worry about that! In this post, you can find out a helpful solution.

I would like to introduce to you a package including schematics and PCB circuits of TMS320F28335 and IGBT driver Semikron SKHI-22B, which I designed for my research topic of PhD study. They were also already tested and implemented in experiments successfully. I hope that this package will help those who are interested in using and developing DSP TMS320F28335 easily study and explore DSP controller used in power electronics.

This package is NOT free because it has never been released before. Moreover, I also really want each individual to be responsible for their study once they pay a little money for it. NOT everything free is good for you. Nothing is easy on the way you go, especially in the graduate study. Therefore, you must work harder and put more efforts in your study from today. Surely, you will gain everything in the near future.

You just pay $19 USD to have the whole things, including:

  1. Schematics and PCB circuits (4 layers) of TMS320F28335 DSP board (OrCad files)
  2. Schematics and PCB circuits (2 layers) of IGBT driver using Semikron SKHI-22B (OrCad files)
  3. PDF files on how to use TMS320F28335
  4. Bonus: Selected ebooks in power electronics and wind energy (selected list below) that I collected as my favorite books
  5. Bonus: My PhD thesis PDF file (for those who need a relevant field) –> please email to me ( after payment, I’ll send it for you soonest.

Note: With OrCad files in (1) and (2), you can order to make PCB boards if you want. Alternatively, you can modify them if you want to add more functions you need. But with my board, you can do anything in experiments.

To get it, just click the Buy Now button below. Your payment can be Paypal, Visa, Master, American Express or Discover. In case of using a credit or debit card, just select the link “Don’t have a Paypal account?”.

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After your successful payment, you can see a link “Return to” , please click on THIS link to get the download link that guides you how to do. See the picture below for reference

Fig. 1 Experimental setup using DSP TMS320F28335 board and Semikron SKHI-22B IGBT driver

Fig. 2 DSP TMS320F28335 board with functions to be used in control of power converters

Fig. 3 Semikron SKHI-22B IGBT driver circuit connected to DSP board by fiber optic cables

I want to have it, click below

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Top 25 Internet Billionaires and Their Inspiring Stories of Success

This book was written by me, Warren Phan. I am more than happy if I get your support.

FREE EBOOK TODAY on AMAZON KINDLE STORE, which can be downloaded here 

When you have read it, could you please leave a honest review on Amazon website at the link above.

Top 25 Internet Billionaires and Their Inspiring Stories of Success


This book highlights the spectacular success of 25 internet billionaires, and outlines some essential life and business lessons for the aspiring entrepreneur.

In the modern age, more billionaires have sprung out of the internet than anywhere else, which has led some people to refer to it as a ‘billionaire mint’.

For lack of a better term, the internet is still a vivid, wild space. It’s the Wild West – an open ground with no rules. It’s fun and captivating, informational all hours of the day. But most importantly, the internet is a balancing scale – an equalizer. It’s the one place where everyone’s voice gets heard, in a level playing field.

In this interesting space where everyone’s voice is equal, possibilities that arise particularly are economic possibilities. And for those who know how to use the World Wide Web (WWW), the internet presents a crucial connection to the outside world. Some people use it for idle silliness, while others use it as a forum where their voice or original ideas can easily reach billions.

This special book is about entrepreneurs who have been able to bend the internet to their wills. So much so that they have managed to turn an open marketplace and rather simple ideas into insurmountable wealth.

Here are the top 25 billionaires who made their fortunes out of thin air, and now roam the earth like kings. In the following texts, you will also find a detailed insight of each one of them, together with the secrets and ideas that were key to their breakthroughs, whether related to hard work, calculation or wit.


PhD scholarships about Power Electronics for International Students at Newcastle University

I am seeking PhD students who are interested in research topics of wireless power transfer technology in electrical vehicles (stationary and dynamic charging system) and high performance LED drivers.

Each award is worth £20,000 per year which contributes toward PhD tuition fees, living costs and 1 return flight to Singapore each year. The research will be based in Newcastle University, UK under my supervision and other academic staff in the school.

Currently, I have two research projects for these PhD scholarships, which can be seen below

1- Dynamic Charging for Electric Vehicles (EV) by Wireless Power Transfer 

2- High Performance LED Drivers 

Applicants wishing to be considered for these opportunities should submit their applications and CV through this link 

Deadline of submission: 26th Feb 2016

Minimum requirements for candidates:

– Strong background in hardware design of power converters

– Able to use PSIM, MATLAB SIMULINK in power electronics

– Able to use DSP TMS320F28335 or dSpace and to design PCBs in hardware development

– Good writing in technical reports and papers

If you need further information, please contact me via email

All about TMS320F28335

Application notes (34)

Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views
PDF 311 10 Jun 2015 3,751
PDF 396 26 Mar 2015 1,638
PDF 521 11 Nov 2014 1,011
PDF 1880 29 Oct 2013 728
PDF 1879 01 Jul 2013 624
Multiple Files 28 Feb 2013 5,311
PDF 530 27 Feb 2013 4,278
PDF 129 17 Jan 2012 1,494
PDF 905 26 Jan 2011 4,227
PDF 187 02 Sep 2010 653
Multiple Files 16 Nov 2009 778
Multiple Files 21 Sep 2009 1,426
PDF 228 20 Jul 2009 715
PDF 99 01 Jul 2009 301
PDF 229 08 Jun 2009 279
PDF 125 15 Apr 2009 918
PDF 112 03 Mar 2009 251
Multiple Files 09 Sep 2008 1,283
PDF 423 19 Aug 2008 1,354
Multiple Files 04 Aug 2008 1,081
Multiple Files 14 May 2008 1,005
Multiple Files 31 Mar 2008 1,482
Multiple Files 25 Oct 2007 453
PDF 240 25 Oct 2007 2,783
Multiple Files 18 Sep 2007 659
Multiple Files 26 Jul 2007 841
Multiple Files 06 Mar 2007 675
PDF 123 20 Dec 2006 1,117
PDF 179 30 Nov 2006 398
PDF 124 05 Oct 2006 235
Multiple Files 26 May 2006 844
PDF 1661 07 Mar 2006 354
Multiple Files 02 May 2003 1,365
PDF 185 30 Oct 2001 941

User guides (24)

Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views
PDF 493 30 Jul 2015 1,620
PDF 1049 29 Jun 2015 7,097
PDF 3194 29 Jun 2015 4,388
PDF 206 18 May 2015 8,212
PDF 2284 10 Apr 2015 7,573
PDF 1317 14 Mar 2014 2,417
PDF 559 23 Jan 2014 2,164
PDF 2077 09 Oct 2012 1,745
PDF 297 04 Oct 2011 1,036
PDF 809 29 Aug 2011 1,298
PDF 253 29 Jun 2011 962
PDF 240 19 Apr 2011 1,308
PDF 21 05 Feb 2011 5,245
PDF 727 02 Mar 2010 5,221
PDF 204 28 Jan 2010 1,735
PDF 765 14 Jul 2009 2,585
PDF 321 07 Jul 2009 2,726
PDF 336 19 Jun 2009 1,730
PDF 314 17 Jun 2009 1,011
PDF 568 22 Jan 2009 1,209
PDF 363 18 Dec 2008 1,175
PDF 894 08 Aug 2008 2,164
Multiple Files 09 Jul 2008 1,786
PDF 331 12 Oct 2007 2,840

Selection & solution guides (2)

Title Type Size (KB) Date Views
PDF 3072 16 Jun 2015 7,918
PDF 16727 17 Nov 2011 805

Design files (3)

Code Composer Studio v6 Getting Started Video

  • CCS latest version – Click below to download CCSv6 for the specified host platform.
  • Additional downloads – For a complete list of downloads visit the CCS download site.
  • Use CCS for free – A free license will be generated that supports working with low cost XDS100 debug probes or boards with an onboard debug probe. A 90-day extension for the full featured evaluation license is also available.

Windows        Linux     

Code Composer Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) that supports TI’s Microcontroller and Embedded Processors portfolio. Code Composer Studio comprises a suite of tools used to develop and debug embedded applications. It includes an optimizing C/C++ compiler, source code editor, project build environment, debugger, profiler, and many other features. The intuitive IDE provides a single user interface taking you through each step of the application development flow. Familiar tools and interfaces allow users to get started faster than ever before. Code Composer Studio combines the advantages of the Eclipse software framework with advanced embedded debug capabilities from TI resulting in a compelling feature-rich development environment for embedded developers.

All upcoming Power Electronics IEEE conferences

2015 China Electrotechnical Society Academic Annual Conference (CES-AAC)
Wuhan , China    25 Oct – 27 Oct 2015
No. of Attendees : 400
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :38109
2015 IEEE Electrical Power and Energy Conference (EPEC)
London ON, Canada    26 Oct – 28 Oct 2015
No. of Attendees : 250
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :34060
2015 IEEE 2nd International Future Energy Electronics Conference (IFEEC)
Taipei , Taiwan    01 Nov – 04 Nov 2015
No. of Attendees : 300
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :34870
2015 IEEE 3rd Workshop on Wide Bandgap Power Devices and Applications (WiPDA)
Blacksburg VA, USA    02 Nov – 04 Nov 2015
No. of Attendees : 100
Submission Date : 10 Jul 2015
Conference Record # :36456
2015 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA)
Palermo , Italy    22 Nov – 25 Nov 2015
No. of Attendees : 300
Submission Date : 01 Jul 2015
Conference Record # :35793
2015 International Conference on Sustainable Mobility Applications, Renewables and Technology (SMART)
Kuwait , Kuwait    23 Nov – 25 Nov 2015
No. of Attendees : 300
Submission Date : 15 May 2015
Conference Record # :36847
2015 IEEE 13th Brazilian Power Electronics Conference and 1st Southern Power Electronics Conference (COBEP/SPEC)
Fortaleza, Ceara , Brazil    29 Nov – 02 Dec 2015
No. of Attendees : 350
Submission Date : 01 May 2015
Conference Record # :35471
2016 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI)
CHAMPAIGN IL, USA    19 Feb – 20 Feb 2016
No. of Attendees : 150
Submission Date : 01 Nov 2015
Conference Record # :36750
2016 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
Long Beach CA, USA    20 Mar – 24 Mar 2016
No. of Attendees : 3000
Submission Date : 23 Jul 2015
Conference Record # :32616
2016 IET 8th International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives (PEMD)
Glasgow , United Kingdom    19 Apr – 21 Apr 2016
No. of Attendees : 400
Submission Date : 04 Sep 2015
Conference Record # :36005
2016 13th International Conference on Power Electronics (CIEP)
Guanajuato , Mexico    20 Jun – 23 Jun 2016
No. of Attendees : 150
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :37872
2016 International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM)
Anacapri , Italy    22 Jun – 24 Jun 2016
No. of Attendees : 300
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :36254
2016 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC)
Dearborn MI, USA    26 Jun – 29 Jun 2016
No. of Attendees : 600
Submission Date : 13 Nov 2015
Conference Record # :37146
* 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems (PEDG)
Vancouver BC, Canada    27 Jun – 30 Jun 2016
No. of Attendees : 150
Submission Date : 01 Feb 2016
Conference Record # :37668
* 2016 IEEE 17th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL)
Trondheim , Norway    27 Jun – 30 Jun 2016
No. of Attendees : 150
Submission Date : 26 Feb 2016
Conference Record # :37407
2016 18th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE’16 ECCE Europe)
Karlsruhe – Rheinstetten , Germany    05 Sep – 08 Sep 2016
No. of Attendees : 800
Submission Date : 16 Nov 2015
Conference Record # :34595
2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Milwaukee IL, USA    18 Sep – 22 Sep 2016
No. of Attendees : 1100
Submission Date : 15 Jan 2016
Conference Record # :35489
* 2016 IEEE International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC)
Austin TX, USA    23 Oct – 27 Oct 2016
No. of Attendees : 538
Submission Date : 05 Apr 2016
Conference Record # :34884
2016 IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES)
Thiruvananthapuram , India    14 Dec – 17 Dec 2016
No. of Attendees : 500
Submission Date : 14 Mar 2016
Conference Record # :37352
2017 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
Tampa FL, USA    26 Mar – 30 Mar 2017
No. of Attendees : 3000
Submission Date : 15 Jul 2017
Conference Record # :34722
2017 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC)
Miami FL, USA    21 May – 24 May 2017
No. of Attendees : 450
Submission Date : 12 Dec 2016
Conference Record # :37070
2017 19th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE’17 ECCE Europe)
Warsaw , Poland    11 Sep – 14 Sep 2017
No. of Attendees : 900
Submission Date : 15 Nov 2016
Conference Record # :37486
2017 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Cincinnatti OH, USA    01 Oct – 05 Oct 2017
No. of Attendees : 1300
Submission Date : NA
Conference Record # :35415
2018 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
San Antonio TX, USA    04 Mar – 08 Mar 2018
No. of Attendees : 3000
Submission Date : 07 Jul 2017
Conference Record # :34780
2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Portland OR, USA    12 Oct – 18 Oct 2018
No. of Attendees : 1200
Submission Date : 15 Jan 2018
Conference Record # :35340
2019 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
Anaheim CA, USA    24 Mar – 28 Mar 2019
No. of Attendees : 3500
Submission Date : 09 Jul 2018
Conference Record # :35578


To help everyone have a chance to learn TI DSP better, now you can order TMS320F28335 experiment kit of TI directly on this site. It will be delivered worldwide.

Price: USD $199 including shipping fee

Product Specifications

  • Core Architecture: C2000
  • Core Sub-Architecture: C2000
  • Features: Docking Station with on Board USB JTAG Emulation, Code Composer Studio
  • Kit Contents: Board
  • Kit Features: MS320F28335 MCU Based Control Card, Docking Station w/ Onboard USB JTAG Emulation
  • No. of Bits: 32bit
  • Silicon Core Number: TMS320F28
  • Silicon Family Name: Delfino – TMS320F283xx
  • Silicon Manufacturer: Texas Instruments



C2000™ MCU Experimenter Kits provide a robust hardware prototyping platform for real-time, closed loop control development with C2000 microcontrollers . This platform is a great tool to customize and prove-out solutions for many common power electronics applications, includingmotor control, digital power supplies, solar inverters, digital LED lighting, precision sensing, andmore.

To view all available C2000 MCU Experimenter Kits, visit the C2000 MCU Tools and Software page.

Hardware Features

This C2000 Experimenter Kit is based around the C2000 Delfino™ TMS320F28335 MCU , which features a 150 MIPS processing core with floating point support, 512 KB integrated flash, 18 PWM channels with high resolution capability, 12-bit 12.5 MSPS ADC, capture interfaces, QEP interfaces, serial connectivity, and more.

The C2000 Experimenter Kit board hardware includes an isolated XDS100 JTAG emulator facilitating easy programming and debugging, header pins access to key microcontroller signals, breadboard area for customizable routing, DIMM100 controlCARD plug-in slot, included controlCARD based on the C2000 Delfino TMS320F28335 microcontroller, and more.

Plus, with the modularity provided by the controlCARD interface on the Experimenter Kit, designers can purchase and experiment with other compatible C2000 MCU controlCARDs using the same Experimenter Kit board hardware.

To view all available C2000 MCU controlCARDs, visit the C2000 MCU Tools and Software page.

Software Features

For development with C2000 Experimenter Kits, the C2000 MCU family’s controlSUITE software suite is included for free, providing software example code, libraries, drivers, hardware design files, documentation, application notes, and more. Users also get access to an unrestricted version of Code Composer Studio integrated development environment (IDE) for software development with the C2000 Delfino TMS320F28335 MCU.

Getting Started

To get started with your C2000 Experimenter Kit, first, download and install controlSUITE software. Launch controlSUITE and navigate the left-hand menu to Development Tools > Experimenter’s Kits > Documentation > Experimenter’s Kit Quick Start Guide DIM100, and follow the instructions in the guide. Additionally, it is recommended to review the Experimenter’s Kit Overview – System Framework and Template Projects Guide for instructions on how to use the provided template projects.

  • C2000 Delfino TMS320F28335 MCU with 150 MIPS floating point core, 512 KB flash memory, 18 PWM channels with high resolution, 12-bit 12.5 MSPS ADC, and more
  • Built in isolated XDS100 JTAG Emulator enables real-time in-system programming and debugging via USB
  • Header pin access to key MCU signals
  • Breadboard area for customizable routing
  • Docking station with on board USB JTAG emulation
  • Modular controlCARD slot, allowing easy interchange of the MCU
  • Included controlCARD based on the C2000 Delfino TMS320F28335 MCU
  • Jumper-based boot mode selection
  • Free download of controlSUITE software examples, libraries, drivers, and more for general application development.
  • Free unrestricted version of Code Composer Studio integrated development environment (IDE)

Organic Mega Flow Battery Promises Breakthrough For Renewable Energy

Harvard University scientists have developed a metal-free flow battery that relies on the electrochemistry of organic molecules, called quinones, to store large amounts of energy. It could transform the way electricity is stored on the grid. 

A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid, making power from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar far more economical and reliable.

The novel battery technology is reported in a paper published in Nature on January 9. Under the OPEN 2012 program, the Harvard team received funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy (ARPA-E) to develop the innovative grid-scale battery and plans to work with ARPA-E to catalyze further technological and market breakthroughs over the next several years.



The paper reports a metal-free flow battery (see the figure) that relies on the electrochemistry of naturally abundant, inexpensive, small organic (carbon-based) molecules called quinones, which are similar to molecules that store energy in plants and animals.

The mismatch between the availability of intermittent wind or sunshine and the variability of demand is the biggest obstacle to getting a large fraction of our electricity from renewable sources. A cost-effective means of storing large amounts of electrical energy could solve this problem.

The battery was designed, built, and tested in the laboratory of Michael J. Aziz, Gene and Tracy Sykes Professor of Materials and Energy Technologies at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). Roy G. Gordon, Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Materials Science, led the work on the synthesis and chemical screening of molecules. Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, used his pioneering high-throughput molecular screening methods to calculate the properties of more than 10,000 quinone molecules in search of the best candidates for the battery.

Flow batteries store energy in chemical fluids contained in external tanks—as with fuel cells—instead of within the battery container itself. The two main components—the electrochemical conversion hardware through which the fluids are flowed (which sets the peak power capacity), and the chemical storage tanks (which set the energy capacity)—may be independently sized. Thus the amount of energy that can be stored is limited only by the size of the tanks. The design permits larger amounts of energy to be stored at lower cost than with traditional batteries.

By contrast, in solid-electrode batteries, such as those commonly found in cars and mobile devices, the power conversion hardware and energy capacity are packaged together in one unit and cannot be decoupled. Consequently they can maintain peak discharge power for less than an hour before being drained, and are therefore ill suited to store intermittent renewables.

“Our studies indicate that one to two days’ worth of storage is required for making solar and wind dispatchable through the electrical grid,” said Aziz.

To store 50 hours of energy from a 1-megawatt power capacity wind turbine (50 megawatt-hours), for example, a possible solution would be to buy traditional batteries with 50 megawatt-hours of energy storage, but they’d come with 50 megawatts of power capacity. Paying for 50 megawatts of power capacity when only 1 megawatt is necessary makes little economic sense.

For this reason, a growing number of engineers have focused their attention on flow battery technology. But until now, flow batteries have relied on chemicals that are expensive or difficult to maintain, driving up the energy storage costs.

The active components of electrolytes in most flow batteries have been metals. Vanadium is used in the most commercially advanced flow battery technology now in development, but its cost sets a rather high floor on the cost per kilowatt-hour at any scale. Other flow batteries contain precious metal electrocatalysts such as the platinum used in fuel cells.

The new flow battery developed by the Harvard team already performs as well as vanadium flow batteries, with chemicals that are significantly less expensive, and with no precious metal electrocatalyst.

“The whole world of electricity storage has been using metal ions in various charge states but there is a limited number that you can put into solution and use to store energy, and none of them can economically store massive amounts of renewable energy,” Gordon said. “With organic molecules, we introduce a vast new set of possibilities. Some of them will be terrible and some will be really good. With these quinones we have the first ones that look really good.”

Aspuru-Guzik noted that the project is very well aligned with the White House Materials Genome Initiative. “This project illustrates what the synergy of high-throughput quantum chemistry and experimental insight can do,” he said. “In a very quick time period, our team honed in to the right molecule. Computational screening, together with experimentation, can lead to discovery of new materials in many application domains.”

Quinones are abundant in crude oil as well as in green plants. The molecule that the Harvard team used in its first quinone-based flow battery is almost identical to one found in rhubarb. The quinones are dissolved in water, which prevents them from catching fire.

To back up a commercial wind turbine, a large storage tank would be needed, possibly located in a below-grade basement, said co-lead author Michael Marshak, a postdoctoral fellow at SEAS and in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology. Or if you had a whole field of turbines or large solar farm, you could imagine a few very large storage tanks.

The same technology could also have applications at the consumer level, Marshak said. “Imagine a device the size of a home heating oil tank sitting in your basement. It would store a day’s worth of sunshine from the solar panels on the roof of your house, potentially providing enough to power your household from late afternoon, through the night, into the next morning, without burning any fossil fuels.”

Team leader Aziz said the next steps in the project will be to further test and optimize the system that has been demonstrated on the bench top and bring it toward a commercial scale. “So far, we’ve seen no sign of degradation after more than 100 cycles, but commercial applications require thousands of cycles,” he said. He also expects to achieve significant improvements in the underlying chemistry of the battery system. “I think the chemistry we have right now might be the best that’s out there for stationary storage and quite possibly cheap enough to make it in the marketplace,” he said. “But we have ideas that could lead to huge improvements.”

By the end of the three-year development period, Connecticut-based Sustainable Innovations, LLC, a collaborator on the project, expects to deploy demonstration versions of the organic flow battery contained in a unit the size of a horse trailer. The portable, scaled-up storage system could be hooked up to solar panels on the roof of a commercial building, and electricity from the solar panels could either directly supply the needs of the building or go into storage and come out of storage when there’s a need. Sustainable Innovations anticipates playing a key role in the product’s commercialization by leveraging its ultra-low cost electrochemical cell design and system architecture already under development for energy storage applications.

“You could theoretically put this on any node on the grid,” Aziz said. “If the market price fluctuates enough, you could put a storage device there and buy electricity to store it when the price is low and then sell it back when the price is high. In addition, you might be able to avoid the permitting and gas supply problems of having to build a gas-fired power plant just to meet the occasional needs of a growing peak demand.”

This technology could also provide very useful backup for off-grid rooftop solar panels—an important advantage considering some 20 percent of the world’s population does not have access to a power distribution network.

William Hogan, Raymond Plank Professor of Global Energy Policy at Harvard Kennedy School, and one of the world’s foremost experts on electricity markets, is helping the team explore the economic drivers for the technology.

Trent M. Molter, President and CEO of Sustainable Innovations, LLC, provides expertise on implementing the Harvard team’s technology into commercial electrochemical systems.

“The intermittent renewables storage problem is the biggest barrier to getting most of our power from the sun and the wind,” Aziz said. “A safe and economical flow battery could play a huge role in our transition off fossil fuels to renewable electricity. I’m excited that we have a good shot at it.”

In addition to Aziz, Marshak, Aspuru-Guzik, and Gordon, the co-lead author of the Nature paper was Brian Huskinson, a graduate student with Aziz; coauthors included research associate Changwon Suh and postdoctoral researcher Süleyman Er in Aspuru-Guzik’s group; Michael Gerhardt, a graduate student with Aziz; Cooper Galvin, a Pomona College undergraduate; and Xudong Chen, a postdoctoral fellow in Gordon’s group.

This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Project Agency–Energy (ARPA-E), the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (OCI-1053575), an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship, and the Fellowships for Young Energy Scientists program of the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter, which is part of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).